job 31:1 meaning
Job's blameless record as a neighbor and city official (Job 29:12-17; 31:16-23), including pure inward motivations (Job 31:1-2,24-25,33-34) and attitudes (Job 31:1,7,9,26-27,29-30) toward God and neighbor, are lofty ethical standards to emulate. 12 It is a fire that burns to Destruction. At a time when polygamy or some other form of concubinage almost universally prevailed, Job stands conspicuously forth. It was not merely his intention to lead a chaste life, and to avoid open sin, but it was to maintain a pure heart, and not to suffer the mind to become corrupted by dwelling on impure images, or indulging in unholy desires. Hereby we plainly see that that command of Christ. Job 31:1 King James Version (KJV) with a word-for-word translation and meaning from the original Hebrew Scriptures, its context and search popularity level. Rent his mantle": To testify his deep sense of and just sorrow for the heavy hand of God upon him, and his humiliation of himself under his hand (see Gen. 37:34). Job proceeds to prove that he deserved a better lot. . l. 13. c. 24. ; wherefore Job, to prevent this, entered into a solemn engagement with himself, laid himself under a strong obligation, as if he had bound himself by a covenant, made a resolution in the strength of divine grace, not to employ his eyes in looking on objects that might ensnare his heart, and lead him to the commission of sin; he made use of all ways and means, and took every precaution to guard against it; and particularly this, to shut or turn his eyes from beholding what might be alluring and enticing to him: it is saidF24Tertullian. therefore, besides the sin of lusting after her, or of corrupting Why then should I think upon a maid?— This has been generally understood to mean the great care and circumspection which Job had used to avoid all temptations and occasions of sin; and he subjoins in the following verses the high and reasonable motives which had urged him, and should urge every man, to such a circumspection: Job 31:2. A preliminary declaration that he had prescribed terms to the most treacherous of the senses, and planted a guard over his entire being, and that, too, impelled by the highest considerations of regard for God, Job 31:1-4. Job 31:1. What’s this? Doth he not see my ways, and numbereth he not all my steps? Answer: In Job 31:1, Job says that he had made a covenant with his eyes—a promise not to look at something: “I made a covenant with my eyes / not to look lustfully at a young woman.” It is clear that Job was speaking about his personal purity. Jobs Companies Teams. 31 “I have made a covenant with my eyes. Exodus 34:13. Job begins another section -- the poetical books of the Bible -- which also includes Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, and the little book of Lamentations, tucked in behind Jeremiah. 1-4. and a strange punishment to the workers of iniquity? 11 For that would be a heinous crime; that would be an iniquity to be punished by the judges; 12 for that would be … Proverbs 4:23. 1. Having given a picture of his prosperous and of his miserable condition, he observes that the latter was not inflicted in consequence of any misconduct, since he had always been attentive to avoid (Calmet) the most remote danger of offending God, or his neighbour. When Job, therefore, says the same thing, namely, that a sure destruction attends the wicked, it is their portion, an inheritance from God; it is plain that he must understand it in another sense than his antagonists did; namely, of their final retribution in a future state. "Seven sons and three daughters": Next to his religious character, his graces, and spiritual blessings, and as the chief of his outward mercies and enjoyments, his children are mentioned. Sacr. asked Jun 11 '12 at 15:25. itamar itamar. Hist. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Apprenticeships can also enable practitioners to gain a license to practice in a regulated profession. I made a covenant with mine eyes - The first virtue of his private life to which Job refers is chastity. and may my crops be uprooted. There is a great beauty in Job's expression in this verse, of having made a covenant with his eyes, to preserve, under grace, the chastity of the mind and body. Job 31:1. Do our eyes control us or do we control our eyes? In defending his conduct, Job says that he worked diligently not to look at young … And, therefore, lest it should confirm them in their old error, and they should take what he had said to be an argument of his guilt, he gives, in this chapter, a large and particular account of his integrity, which, in general, he had so often asserted; laying his very soul, and the most secret inclinations of it, open before them; together with the actions of his whole life in his private capacity, (for of his public he had spoken before, chap. Now that Job might not lust, he would not look on a forbidden object; for he knew that wanton glances cause contemplative wickedness; such as will soon break out into foul practices; as ill humours in the body do into sores and blotches, εκ του οραν γινεταιτο εραν, Ut vidi, ut perii! Why then should I think upon a maid? commission of sin; he made use of all ways and means, and took Like many other Biblical books, Job does not always follow the classical rules for writing. 9 “If my heart has been seduced by a woman, or if I have lusted for my neighbor’s wife, 10 then let my wife serve. Geogr. 4) Job’s Ultimate Challenge--An Oath of Innocence which ‘Legally’ Calls God to Answer” 31:1-40 a) Job Has Not Lusted: 31:1-4 b) Job Has Not Lied or Deceived: 31:5-8 c) Job Has Not Committed Adultery: 31:9-12 d) Job Has Not Failed to Help His Slaves: 31:13-15 e) Job Has Not Failed to Help the Poor and Needy: 31:16-23 Question: "What does it mean to make a covenant with your eyes?" plucking out the eyes of the adulterer F21; In this chapter, the following words and phrases shall have the following meanings, unless the context requires otherwise:— ''Administrator'', the personnel administrator of the human resources division within the executive office for administration and finance. So far have I been from wallowing in the mire of uncleanness, or any gross wickedness, wherewith you charge me, that I have abstained even from the least occasions and appearances of evil, having made a solemn resolution within myself, and a solemn covenant and promise to God, that I would not wantonly or lustfully fix mine eyes or gaze upon a maid, lest mine eyes should affect my heart, and stir me up to further filthiness. objects that might ensnare his heart, and lead him to the This chapter deserves our attention the more, because, though Job takes no pride in what he here saith, in the justification of himself, yet in those secret sins, which are known only to the LORD, on numberless occasions of evil, the Patriarch pleads not guilty; and which therefore serves to confirm the divine testimony which the LORD gave concerning his servant, in the opening of the book itself, that there was none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feared GOD, and eschewed evil. And the Hebrew idea is that I will not lust after a woman. Figure of speech Erotesis. Good Melancthon, about the beginning of the Reformation, mournfully complained, Quos fugiamus habemus; quos sequamur non intelligimus, We have whom to flee from (meaning the Papists), but whom to follow, we yet understand not (by reason of the many divisions among Protestants). These pillars were afterwards turned to idolatrous uses; and it is one of the commands to the children of Israel to break them in pieces on their entrance into the land of Canaan. And why should I set myself to contemplate, or think upon, Bethulah? with himself, laid himself under a strong obligation, as if he Thus translated, there is a striking resemblance in this question to the saying of Christ, (Matthew 5:28.) What are you doing, g son of my vows? Salem Media Group. What does this phrase mean? Job would prevent that mischief by laying laws upon his eyes, those windows of wickedness and loop holes of lust, the very door and bait of all evil concupiscence, Matthew 5:29, 1 John 2:16, that flesh pleaslng lust, that nest egg of the devil (as one wittily calleth it), that eldest child of old Adam’s strength, bearing name of the mother, which is called in general, lust, or concupiscence. 1. (1) I made a covenant with mine eyes.âJob makes one grand profession of innocence, rehearsing his manner of life from the first; and here he does not content himself with traversing the accusations of his friends, but professes his innocence also of sins less manifest to the observance of others, and affecting the secret conduct and the heartânamely, sensual transgression and idolatry. When Job, therefore, says the same thing, namely, that a sure destruction attends the wicked; it is their portion, an inheritance from God; it is plain he must understand it in another sense than his antagonists did; namely, of their final retribution in a future state. it, and take every necessary precaution to guard against it. As in the twenty-ninth chapter, he showed his uprightness as an emir, or magistrate in public life, so in this chapter he vindicates his character in private life. carefully shun all appearances of evil, and whatsoever leads unto Even as Christ taught in the Sermon on the Mount, Job here traced adultery to the lust of the eye which precedes it. 9 “If my heart has been enticed by a woman, or if I have lurked at my neighbor’s door, 10 then may my wife grind another man’s grain, and may other men sleep with her. lib. " This is especially important, because it removes any reason for allowing the various rearrangements of the text which certain scholars have presumed to make. About five years ago I wrote in my prayer journal about Job 31 and how the text was a sort of inspiration to me: “I made a covenant with my eyes not to look with lust upon a young woman.” (Job 31:1, NLT). First strophe, A preliminary declaration that he had prescribed terms to the most treacherous of the senses, and planted a guard over his entire being, and that, too, impelled by the highest considerations of regard for God, — The eyes, says a Talmudic proverb, are “the procuresses of evil.” So intimately is this most delicate and precious of the senses related to the soul, that Pliny said of the mind. The sins which Job here solemnly swears that he had not committed reveal a very high ethical standard of morality and excellence. ", Job, in these verses, mentions the convictions that had guided him throughout his life, those convictions being exactly the same doctrine of sin and suffering that had been maintained by Job's friends during the dialogues, indicating that, "Those ideas had been unquestioned by himself until his own personal experience had demonstrated their falsehood.". His object, therefore, is to show his friends that he has really been more upright than their standard demanded or than they supposed him to be, till his affliction made them suspect him; and this uprightness was the consequence of rigid and inflexible adherence to principle, for he made a covenant with his eyes, as the avenues of sinful desires. Why then should I think upon a maid? Job 1:2 "And there were born unto him seven sons and three daughters." Job 1:1, "In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job. He goes beyond act to thought, and beneath conduct to the heart.". Pope even "emended" the word "virgin" here, making it read "folly" instead. It was possible Job’s friends might make quite another use than he intended of the relation which he had made of his miserable condition in the foregoing chapter. There is much emphasis in the expression used here by Job. " Job's ideas, as revealed in this chapter, are not very far from the glorious ideals proclaimed by the Christ himself. His purpose, also, not to think on this subject, showed the extent of the restriction imposed on himself. A sex worker is a person who is employed in the sex industry. I made â So far have I been from any gross wickedness, that I have abstained from the least occasions and appearances of evil. will enchant all that behold her. her, he would be a covenant breaker, and so his sin would be an or if my heart has lusted for what my eyes have seen, or if I am guilty of any other sin, 8 then let someone else eat the crops I have planted. An apprenticeship is a system for training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often some accompanying study (classroom work and reading). 29.,) both in respect of his neighbours of all sorts, and in respect of God, to whom he again most solemnly appeals, in the conclusion of this discourse, for the truth of what he here asserts. Job begins by disclaiming private sins of the heart—lust (Job 31:1), vain deceit (Job 31:5), covetousness (Job 31:7). Job 1:21, "Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked I will depart. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. I. ? See also 2 Peter 2:14 1 John 2:16. Question: "What does it mean to make a covenant with your eyes?" - בתולה על אתבונן ומה umah ethbonen al bethulah . Quell them therefore and crush them in the egg; it is not safe being at Satan’s meal, though our spoon be never so long; remember, that of looking comes thinking; and of thinking, worse. But here we may be at a better certainty; by treading in Job’s footsteps, and striving to express him to the world; who against all the cavils and calumnies of his foe friends, makes it out here, that he is no hypocrite or flagitious person as they falsely charged him, but a man fearing God and eschewing evil, Job 1:1. General information. We may remark here, that if a man wishes to maintain purity of life, he must make just such a covenant as this with himself - one so sacred, so solemn, so firm, that he will not suffer his mind for a moment to harbor an improper thought. For more concerning these betulia, see Boch. I made a covenant with mine eyes - The first virtue of his private life to which Job refers is chastity. 3 Do h not give your strength to women, your ways to those i who destroy kings.. 4 j It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings k to drink wine, . A maid; which is emphatically added, to show that that circumstance which provokes the lust of others had no such power over him, and that he restrained himself from the very thoughts and desires of filthiness with such persons, wherewith the generality of men allowed themselves to commit gross fornication, as deeming it to be either none, or but a very little sin. "This list is not arranged according to conventional standards of logical development, degrees, or seriousness, or climactic order. Job 31:10, NIV: "then may my wife grind another man's grain, and may other men sleep with her." c++ operators. - oculi sunt in amore duces. JOB AFFIRMS HIS INNOCENCE REGARDING THE LUST OF THE EYE. 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